Reading about Knowledge

Definition of Knowledge: Knowledge “is intangible, boundaryless, and dynamic, and if it is not used in a specific time and a specific place, it is useless.” p. 54 of Knowledge Management: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management, vol 2 edited by Ikujiro Nonaka

The value of knowledge is in its use.

Explicit Knowledge: expressed in words and numbers, documented and shared

Tacit Knowledge/Implicit Knowledge (article by Dinker Raval, Bala Subramanian, and Bina Raval) : rooted in individual’s action and experiences, highly personal, difficult to articulate and share,  can be shared through conversation and storytelling , exchanged through joint activity (socialization) rather than verbal or written instructions,

  • technical dimension – personal skills or crafts
  • cognitive dimension/affective dimension – shapes how we see the world, beliefs, ideals, values

Transfer of implicit knowledge to explicit knowledge takes place in education, training, emails and other communication devices. individuals interact/engage, classify relationships, comprehend/internalize then act or add to their own tacit knowledge.

This is mostly what happens when we read fiction, we are adding to our implicit knowledge.

Knowledge Creation: a combination of explicit (books, notes) and tacit (experiences) knowledge that lead to creation of new knowledge.

Knowledge Creation in this article refers to a series of processes and activities that add value to an outcome such as a product, service or outcome.  It is a process as well as an output/outcome.  As an outcome it refers to generation of new ideas o objects that reflect enrichment of existing knowledge.  Channels of communication/mobile devices facilitate knowledge creation.

Steps in Knowledge Creation:

  1. Sharing tacit knowledge
  2. Creating concepts
  3. Justifying concepts
  4. Building a prototype
  5. Crossleveling

Knowledge Creation Activities:

  1. Problem-solving
  2. Brainstorming
  3. Programming
  4. Documenting

Activities in The Trilogy Model of Knowledge Creation slide 42 

  1. Observation and Orientation – Analyzing, Comparing, Synthesizing
  2. Adaptation and Absorption –  Making new strategies, Planning for action, Practicing new skills
  3. Manifestation and Substantiation – Demonstrating with facts and evidence

Knowledge Infrastructure Domains

  1. Explicit Knowledge Creation – Educational institutions, Academic and Professional Associations, Think Tanks
  2.  Implicit Knowledge Creation – Workshops, Collaborative Networks and blogs
  3. Knowledge Impartation –  Teaching, Training,  Continuing Education Programs, Mentoring Programs
  4. Knowledge Diffusion/Dissemination – Libraries, Broadband connectivity, Book clubs
  5. Global Knowledge Accessibility –  Access to global knowledge resources and intellectual capital
  6. Knowledge Evaluation and Quality Assurance– Circulation of knowledge/Availability of professional journals and peer evaluation

Definition of Knowledge Economy: An economy that is driven by research, ideas, innovations, and technical skills to generate high-impact economic benefits and high-wage jobs.

  • Conceptual Tools of Knowledge Economy:
  1. Knowledge Creation
  2. Entrepreneurship
  3. Talent
  4. Competitive advantage